• Users Online: 180
  • Print this page
  • Email this page

Table of Contents
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17

Ocular involvement of sarcoidosis

1 Department of Neurology; Department of Medicine, University of Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
2 Departments of Neurology; Medicine, University of Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Date of Web Publication03-Dec-2019

Correspondence Address:
Jamir Pitton Rissardo
Rua Roraima, Santa Maria, Rio Grande Do Sul
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/PAJO.PAJO_23_19

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Rissardo JP, Fornari Caprara AL. Ocular involvement of sarcoidosis. Pan Am J Ophthalmol 2019;1:17

How to cite this URL:
Rissardo JP, Fornari Caprara AL. Ocular involvement of sarcoidosis. Pan Am J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2019 [cited 2021 Jun 25];1:17. Available from: https://www.thepajo.org/text.asp?2019/1/1/17/272219

Dear Editor,

We read the article entitled “Multimodal imaging ocular sarcoidosis” on the esteemed “The Pan-American Journal of Ophthalmology” with great interest. Larrea et al. reported a case of an adult female presenting with optic features. Fundus photography (FP), fluorescein angiography (FA), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography were used and showed interesting findings. After, a skin biopsy was done and confirmed the diagnosis.[1]

Here, we would like to provide the mnemonic “SARCOIDOSIS” to help to remember the main features in the ocular involvement of sarcoidosis.[1],[2],[3],[4],[5]

  • “S”ynechiae posterior that are adhesions on slit lamp (SL)
  • “A”nterior chamber high cellularity on SL. Furthermore, they are commonly seen as hyperreflective dots on OCT
  • “R”etinal periphlebitis by FP
  • “C”horoidal capillary density reduced on OCT
  • “O”ptic disc granulomas that are suggested when there are subretinal elevated lesions on FP
  • “I”nferior granulomatous keratotic precipitates on SL
  • “D”iffuse capillary leakage on FA
  • “O”ptic disc edema on FP
  • “S”ubretinal lesions hypopigmented on SL
  • “I”solated areas of flow in the plexus and choriocapillaris on OCT
  • “S”mall hypointense gray areas of retinal capillary hypoperfusion on OCT.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Larrea J, Malo LC, Jaramillo-D JJ, Rangel CM. Multimodal imaging ocular sarcoidosis. Pan Am J Ophthalmol 2019;1:14.  Back to cited text no. 1
  [Full text]  
Acharya NR, Browne EN, Rao N, Mochizuki M; International Ocular Sarcoidosis Working Group. Distinguishing features of ocular sarcoidosis in an international cohort of uveitis patients. Ophthalmology 2018;125:119-26.  Back to cited text no. 2
Groen F, Rothova A. Ocular involvement in sarcoidosis. Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2017;38:514-22.  Back to cited text no. 3
Mochizuki M, Smith JR, Takase H, Kaburaki T, Acharya NR, Rao NA, et al. Revised criteria of International Workshop on Ocular Sarcoidosis (IWOS) for the diagnosis of ocular sarcoidosis. Br J Ophthalmol 2019;103:1418-22.  Back to cited text no. 4
Pasadhika S, Rosenbaum JT. Ocular sarcoidosis. Clin Chest Med 2015;36:669-83.  Back to cited text no. 5


    Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
    Access Statistics
    Email Alert *
    Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this article

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded202    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal